On this night, pausing after reading the bulky reprints Drilling Engineer II Cortegana I’ll post a request to Chris OHSAS standards I expect to remain in the network and not be refined as the ASTM, in any case, whatever I do know.
DOWNLOAD OHSAS 18001 and 18002
The series OHSAS 18000 was materialized by the BSI (British Standards Institution). On April 15, 1999 was published OHSAS 18001, although its name might suggest due to the number 18001 is not a standard but a specification, and it is not the advancement of an ISO 18000 standard, still exist today, despite what has been said from some media.
OHSAS 18001 has been designed to meet the demand of companies for certification by third parties. Also may be used to cover the internal needs of the company in its quest for continuous improvement. To evaluate and certify volunteer management systems implemented by different agencies or companies.
Many companies that already use this possibility. For example in France, in late 2001, nine businesses were already certified to this specification. The committee identified the need to develop at least the following documents:
OHSAS 18001: Specifications for H & S Management Systems. OHSAS 18002: Guidance for OH & S Management Systems. OHSAS 18003: Criteria for Auditors of OH & S Management Systems.
Approved the development of the documents OHSAS 18001 and 18002, but it prevented the development of the OHSAS 18003, probably awaiting the results of the work of ISO technical committee on the ISO 19011 which specifies the criteria for quality audit and environment, and since it was published in late 2000, we can expect in the future publication of OHSAS 18003.
The OHSAS 18002 was published in 2000 and ten additional organizations joined the thirteen existing participate formally in writing:
In short, the OHSAS 18002 OHSAS 18001 is that ISO 14004 to ISO 14001, ie a guide to their understanding and application, which must go also the auditor. This is the reason lies in the reference publications of OHSAS 18002, auditing guidelines and 1991 10011:1990 ISO quality and environmental ISO 14010, 14011, 14012:1996.
There have been major changes to the Standard from the first was published in 1999 as a result of its increasing and widespread use. Thus, 2007 was published OHSAS 18001:2007 «Requirements for safety management systems and health.»
The OHSAS 18001:2007 OHSAS 18001:1999 will replace it will be removed. There will be a transition period of two years (which began on July 1, 2007 with the publication of OHSAS 18001:2007) for those organizations that have already achieved certification to the existing specification or are in the final stages of getting it.
The main changes with respect to the OHSAS 18001:1999 is the emphasis given to health and improved compatibility with ISO 14001:2004, which can develop its business on systems integration. In addition, other changes are:
* OHSAS 18001 is now called herself Norma, no specification or document, as in the first version. This is a consequence of the growing acceptance of OHSAS 18001 standards by agencies in many countries.
* Addition of new definitions and revised some existing ones.
* The term tolerable risk is replaced with acceptable risk.
* The term accident is now included in the term incident, reinforcing the concept of prevention.
* Risk no longer refers to damage to property or place of work, since such damages are related to asset management and not to the management of occupational safety and health, which is the purpose of this OHSAS standard.
* Points 4.3.3 and 4.3.4 have been combined into one clause.
* Includes a new requirement to take into account the hierarchy of controls as part of planning for safety and health at work.
* Take a major role in managing change.
* It introduces a new item for the «Evaluation of compliance.»
* There are new requirements for participation and consultation of workers.
* New requirements for the investigation of incidents.
So now the OHSAS series is made up of two policy documents:
OHSAS 18001:2007 «Requirements for safety management systems and health.»
OHSAS 18002:2008, «System management health and safety at work – Guidelines for the implementation of OHSAS 18001.»