Gas hydrates are chemical complexes that are formed when one type of molecule completely encloses another type of molecule in a lattice. In the case of gas hydrates, hydrogen-bonded water molecules form a cagelike structure in which mobile molecules of gas are absorbed or bound. Although gas hydrates can be found throughout the world, difficulties in cost-effective production have hampered development of the resource. Gas hydrates are generally considered troublesome for oil and gas field operations, but their potential commercial value as a clean energy resource is changing the industry perception. The potential as a gas resource is due to the relatively large volume of gas contained in the gas hydrate complex.
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